- Agricultural Fires Act
- Animals Act
- Archipelagic Waters and Exclusive Zone Act
- Chaguaramas Development Act
- Importation of Live Fish Act
- Marine Areas (Preservation and Enhancement) Act
- Municipal Corporations Act
- Plant Protection Act
- Tobago House of Assembly Act
- Town and Country Planning Act
Agricultural Fires Act
This Act provides comprehensive regulations regarding agricultural fires between June, 30th to December, 1st . It concerns fires which may cause danger to life, property or any crop of forest. Section 20 (1) states that a person who plants or caused to be planted any annual crop on any land upon which an illegal fire has been set is guilty of an offence.
The provisions of this Act ensure that the importation of any alien species (birds, reptile or insect) would not occur without the prior approval of the Chief Technical Officer of the Ministry of Agriculture, Land and Marine Resources. The Act therefore attempts to protect the country from the introduction of alien invasive species that could have a devastating effect on the country biological resources.
Archipelagic Waters and Exclusive Zone Act
This Act provides that any ship passing within the EEZ of Trinidad and Tobago must not engage in any act of willful and serious pollution or in any fishing activities without the consent of the Minister. Section 21 of the Act entrusts the Minister with the responsibility of ensuring that proper conservation and management are practices, that over exploitation within the EEZ is not allowed and that specific guidelines are made regarding the amount of catch harvested by citizens of Trinidad and Tobago. Section 22 prohibits without consent, the exploration and exploitation, conservation and management of living and non-living natural resources.
Chaguaramas Development Act
The Chaguaramas Development Act provides for the establishment and operation of the Chaguaramas Development Authority. The principal function of the Authority is to undertake development of the North-West Peninsula of Trinidad in accordance with a development plan. Section 16(1) of the Act requires such a development plan to come into force before the President can make a Vesting Order transferring to and vesting in the Authority all or any part of the land to which such development plan relates. Accordingly, on October 9, 1974 the Governor General of Trinidad and Tobago vested essentially the entire North-West Peninsula of Trinidad to the Chaguaramas Development Authority. The Authority is therefore not only responsible for the management of the biological resources contained in the forests and marine areas of the lands vested to it, but also the development of build-up areas which includes, inter alia:
- laying out, construction and maintenance of roads, construction and maintenance of buildings, and carrying out such other building and engineering operations as may be necessary or desirable
- provision and maintenance of car parks, piers, public parks or gardens and other public amenities
Marine Areas (Preservation and Enhancement) Act
The Marine Areas (Preservation and Enhancement) Act provides for the designation of restricted areas for biodiversity protection, recreation or research for both marine flora and fauna. It has been used for the protection of only one area to date – the Buccoo Reef in Tobago.
Municipal Corporations Act
Section 232(1) of the Act provides the Municipal Corporations with responsibility for the maintenance, control and enhancement of the physical environment including monitoring water courses, beaches and water front areas, swamps, forests, game sanctuaries, savannas, parks and other open spaces.
Section 232(f) provides the Municipal Corporation with responsibility for the maintenance of parks, beaches, water fronts, swamps, forests, game sanctuaries.
Other laws with provisions which contribute to the conservation of the country biological resources:
- Customs Act
- Mongoose Act (-Section 2(1) - importation of mongoose)
- Beekeeping and Bee Products Act (Section 9(b) - importation and exportation of bees)
- The Cocoa and Coffee Industry Act (Section 3 - importation and exportation of cocoa)
- Exportation of Fruit Act (Section 8 exportation of fruits)
- Summary Offences Act (Section 16 and 19 - wounding of animals and damage to plants)
- Malicious Damage Act (Section 17 - setting fire to plants. Section 19 - Malicious damage to plants)
- Continental Shelf Act (Section 3(1) -rights over natural resources in the sea)
- Queen's Park Act (Control over the Queen's Park Savannah)
- San Fernando Recreation Ground Act (Control over the San Fernando Recreation Ground)
- Botanic Gardens Act (Establishment of the Botanic Gardens)
- Recreation Grounds and Pastures Act (Section 2(1) - authorization for the making of regulations to govern the use of any public recreation ground or pasture)
This Act allows the Tobago House of Assembly to formulate and implement policy in respect of matters relating to the conservation of the resources of biodiversity. These are land and marine parks, agriculture, fisheries, forestry and the environment.
Town and Country Planning Act
The Town and Country Planning Act gives the power to make decisions regarding land development to the Minister of Planning and Development. It empowers the Minister, in the interests of amenity, to make provision for the preservation of any tree, trees, or woodlands through a tree preservation order, although no such orders have yet been made. The Town and Country Planning Act also provides for Statutory Development Plan for broad land use planning, and protected or prohibited areas or wildlife sanctuaries established under the Forests Act, the Wildlife Act, or the Marine Areas (Preservation and Enhancement) Act.