Family: Anatidae - Ducks
Scientific Name
Local Name
Trinidad
Tobago
Anas americana American Wigeon
X
X
Anas bahamensis White-cheeked Pintail
X
X
Anas clypeata Northern Shoveler, Spoonbill Duck
X
Anas crecca Green-winged Teal
X
X
Anas discors
Blue-winged Teal
X
X
Aythya affinis Lesser Scaup
X
X
Aythya collaris
Ring-necked Duck
X
Cairina moschata Muscovy Duck
X
Chen coerulescens Snow Goose
X
Dendrocygna autumnalis Black-bellied Whistling Duck
X
X
Dendrocygna bicolor
Fulvous Whistling Duck
X
X
Dendrocygna viduata
White-faced Whistling Duck
X
Netta erythrophthalma
Southern Pochard
X
Oxyura dominica Musked Duck
Sarkidiornis melanotos
Comb Duck
X

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Family: Phoenicopteridae - Flamingoes
Extraordinarily long necks and legs and distinctive, thick, decurved bills.
Scientific Name
Local Name
Trinidad
Tobago
Phoenicopterus ruber
Greater Flamingo
X

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Family: Apodidae - Swifts
These birds are recognised by their rapid, fluttering flight, generally blackish plumage, long narrow wings appearing curved in flight and stream lined appearance. Most species nest in small cup-shaped nests attached to a vertical surface. often in some dark locality. Known locally as "Rain-birds", flocks of swifts frequently precede squalls and thunderstorms, exploiting the increase in the food supply as insects are swept up in the updraught.
Scientific Name
Local Name
Trinidad
Tobago
Chaetura brachyura
Short-tailed Swift
X
X
Chaetura chapmani
Chapman's Swift
X
Chaetura cinereiventris
Gray-rumped Swift
X
X
Chaetura spinicauda
Band-rumped Swift
X
Cypseloides niger
Black Swift
X
Panyptila cayennensis
Lesser Swallow-tailed Swift
X
Reinarda squamata
Fork-tailed Palm-Swift
X
Streptoprocne rutila
Chestnut-collared Swift
X
Streptoprocne zonaris
White-collared Swift
X
X

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Family: Trochilidae - Hummingbirds
This family is confined to the New World, with most species in the tropics. Many species are extremely small, some not bigger than a large bumblebee. Most are metallic green above and at close quarters in bright sunlight many display brilliant iridescent colours, especially on the crown. Female birds are often different from the male, having generally duller plumage. Hummingbirds are notable for their long, thin bills, which are straight in most species, curved in others. These birds have the ability to hover and fly backwards. These maneuvers are accomplished through rapidly beating wings which in some species produce a humming sound that gives the family its name. Hummingbirds feed upon nectar, extracted usually from the flowers by means of their very long tongues. Additionally, some hummingbirds take small insects and spiders from plants, while others catch them in mid air. Most hummingbirds have a rather limited song with extremely high pitch. Their nests are tiny structures, usually constructed of moss or plant -down, lichens or spider0webs, in which 2 white eggs are laid. The female alone incubates and cares for the young.
Scientific Name
Local Name
Trinidad
Tobago
Amazilia chionopectus
White-chested Emerald
X
Amazilia tobaci Copper-rumped Hummingbird
X
X
Anthracothorax nigricollis
Black-throated Mango
X
X
Anthracothorax viridigula
Green-throated Mango
X
Campylopterus ensipennis
White-tailed Sabrewing
X
Chaetocercus jourdanii
Rufous-shafted Woodstar
X
Chlorestes notatus
Blue-chinned Sapphire
X
Chlorostilbon mellisugus
Blue-tailed Emerald
X
Chrysolampis mosquitus
Ruby-topaz Hummingbird
X
X
Colibri delphinae
Brown Violetear
X
Florisuga mellivora
White-necked Jacobin
X
X
Glaucis hirsuta
Rufous-breasted Hermit
X
X
Heliomaster longirostris
Long-billed Starthroat
X
Lophornis ornata
Tufted Coquette
X
Phaethornis guy
Green Hermit
X
Phaethornis longuemareus
Little Hermit
X
Polytmus guainumbi
White-tailed Goldenthroat
X

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Family: Caprimulgidae - Nighthawks and Nightjars
Mainly nocturnal and cryptic in colour, the members of this family are best identified by their calls. They are found in a wide variety of habitats. They feed on flying insects, which they catch with their wide open mouths.
Scientific Name
Local Name
Trinidad
Tobago
Caprimulgus cayennensis
White-tailed Nightjar
X
X
Caprimulgus rufus
Rufous Nightjar
X
Chordeiles acutipennis
Lesser Nighthawk
X
X
Chordeiles minor
Common Nighthawk
X
Lurocalis semitorquatus
Short-tailed Nighthawk
X
Nyctidromus albicollis
Pauraque
X
Podager nacunda
Nacunda Nighthawk
X

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Family: Nyctibiidae - Potoos
Resembling very large, long tailed nightjars, they spend the day perched in an upright position on a post or treestump, their cryptic coloration effectively camouflaging them. At night they hawk for insects like flycatchers, their eyes conspicuously reflecting any bright light.
Scientific Name
Local Name
Trinidad
Tobago
Nyctibius griseus
Common Potoo
X
X

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Family: Steatornithidae - Oilbirds
Only one species in this family and bears resemblance to the nightjars and owls in general appearance but differing in other ways. It is gregarious, living and breeding in dark or pitch-black caves during the day and coming out at night to feed on fruit.
Scientific Name
Local Name
Trinidad
Tobago
Steatornis caripensis
Oilbird
X

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Family: Charadriidae - Plovers
Long legged, short billed birds which frequent both seashores and inland grassy areas and pools, especially in the wet season.
Scientific Name
Local Name
Trinidad
Tobago
Charadrius collaris
Collared Plover
Charadrius semipalmatus
Semipalmated Plover
X
Charadrius vociferus
Killdeer
X
X
Charadrius wilsonia
Wilson's Plover, Thick-billed Plover
X
Pluvialis dominica American Golden Plover, Lesser Golden Plover
X
Pluvialis squatarola Black-bellied Plover
X
X
Vanellus chilensis Southern Lapwing
X
X

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Family: Burhinidae - Thick knees, Stone curlews
Large nocturnal birds resembling plovers with large eyes, long legs and short bills.
Scientific Name
Local Name
Trinidad
Tobago
Burhinus bistriatus
Double-striped Thick-knee
X

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Family: Haematopodidae - Oystercatchers
Large, thickly built shorebirds inhabiting rocky or sandy shores. Black and white or all black with long, stout, bright orange-red bills.
Scientific Name
Local Name
Trinidad
Tobago
Haematopus palliatus
American Oystercatcher
X
X

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Family: Jacanidae - Jacanas
Small rail-like marsh dwellers characterised by long legs and toes, with which they walk easily on lily leaves and other aquatic vegetation.
Scientific Name
Local Name
Trinidad
Tobago
Jacana jacana
Wattled Jacana
X
X

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Family: Laridae - Gulls and Terns
Gulls have slightly hooked bills and feed while swimming or walking on the shore. Terns have more sharply pointed bills, narrower wings and dive for their food.
Scientific Name
Local Name
Trinidad
Tobago
Anous stolidus
Brown Noddy, Noddy Tern
X
X
Chlidonias niger
Black Tern
X
Larus argentatus
Herring Gull
X
Larus atricilla
Laughing Gull
X
X
Larus fuscus
Lesser-backed Gull
X
X
Larus ridibundus
Common Black-headed Gull
X
X
Phaetusa simplex
Large-billed Tern
X
Sterna albifrons
Least Tern
X
X
Sterna anaethetus
Bridled Tern
X
X
Sterna dougallii
Roseate Tern
X
X
Sterna fuscata
Sooty Tern
X
X
Sterna hirundo
Common Tern
X
X
Sterna maxima
Royal Tern
X
X
Sterna nilotica
Gull-billed Tern
X
Sterna sandvicensis
Sandwich Tern
X
X
Sterna superciliaris
Yellow-billed Tern
X

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Family: Recurvirostidae - Stilts and Avocets
Shorebirds with very long legs with sharply contrasting black and white plumage and long, thin bills.
Scientific Name
Local Name
Trinidad
Tobago
Himantopus mexicanus
Black-necked Stilt
X
X
Recurvirostra americana
American Avocet
X

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Family: Rynchopidae - Skimmers
Resembles large, long-winged terns with long bills which are laterally compressed lower mandible considerably longer than the upper. Frequent coastal waters and freshwater habitats, feeding low over the water by ploughing the surface with the lower mandible.
Scientific Name
Local Name
Trinidad
Tobago
Rynchops niger
Black Skimmer
X

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Family: Scolopacidae - Sandpipers and Snipe
Long winged shorebirds with cryptic colour, long slender bills and long legs.
Scientific Name
Local Name
Trinidad
Tobago
Actitis macularia Spotted Sandpiper
X
X
Arenaria interpres
Ruddy Turnstone
X
X
Bartramia longicauda
Upland Sandpiper
X
X
Calidris alba
Sanderling
X
X
Calidris canutus
Red Knot
X
Calidris fuscicollis
White-rumped Sandpiper
X
X
Calidris himantopus
Stilt Sandpiper
X
Calidris mauri
Western Sandpiper
X
X
Calidris melanotos
Pectoral Sandpiper
X
X
Calidris minutilla Least Sandpiper
X
X
Calidris pusilla
Semipalmated Sandpiper
X
X
Catoptrophorus semipalmatus
Willet
X
X
Gallinago gallinago
Common Snipe
X
X
Limnodromus griseus
Short-billed Dowitcher
X
X
Limosa fedoa
Marbled Godwit
X
X
Limosa haemastica
Hudsonian Godwit
X
X
Numenius borealis
Eskimo Curlew
X
X
Numenius phaeopus
Whimbrel
X
X
Philomachus pugnax
Ruff
X
X
Tringa flavipes
Lesser Yellowlegs
X
X
Tringa melanoleuca
Greater Yellowlegs
X
X
Tringa solitaria
Solitary Sandpiper
X
X
Tryngites subruficollis
Buff-breasted Sandpiper
X
X

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Family: Stercorariidae - Skuas and Jaegers
Large powerful seabirds.
Scientific Name
Local Name
Trinidad
Tobago
Stercorarius parasiticus
Parasitic Jaeger
X
X
Stercorarius pomarinus
Pomarine Jaeger
X

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Source: Ffrench, Richard (1991), A Guide to the Birds of Trinidad and Tobago
Cornell University Press
http://www.cornellpress.cornell.edu/